The Writings of Andrew Jukes

Andrew John Jukes (1815-1901) was an English clergyman and author. At age 12 he attended Harrow, a boarding school near London, where he was friends and classmates with F. W. Faber, the famous hymn writer. After leaving Harrow and serving several years in the army, he entered Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1842 he was ordained deacon and licensed to the curacy of St. John's Church in Hull. However, after finding that he could not unfeignedly consent to all things prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer, his curacy was suspended. He left the Church of England, publishing his reasons for doing so in a tract called The Way Which Some Call Heresy. For the next 25 years he was the spiritual leader of an independent congregation in Hull. Many who heard his sermons and lectures encouraged him to publish his work, and his books were soon read around the world. His writings display a deep love for and understanding of the Scriptures, especially the typology of the Old Testament. In 1867 he published The Restitution of All Things, a book refuting the commonly held doctrine of eternal punishment and advocating the universal salvation of mankind. For this he was widely denounced as a heretic, even by many in his own congregation. The book today is considered one of the signature works on the subject. After leaving Hull he moved to Highgate and then Woolwich, where he continued his writing ministry. Click here for a short biography by Herbert Jeaffreson.

Types in Genesis
This book is a fascinating study of the typology of the book of Genesis, which uncovers much of the hidden spiritual meaning below the surface of the letter of the word. It shows us that Genesis is very much a book about our own lives, the seven main characters representing advancing forms of life that can be found in God's elect, from Adam (fallen human nature), to Cain and Abel (flesh and spirit), Noah (regeneration), Abraham (faith), Isaac (sonship), Jacob (service), and finally Joseph (the ruler in Christ's image qualified through suffering).

Here is a link to an excellent article by Elaine Cook that I believe provides the "missing ending" to Types in Genesis. It is called Benjamin, The Remnant Company. There is also an audio version on this page. See also this Bill Britton article on Benjamin.

The Characteristic Differences of the Four Gospels
Not only is this book an outstanding commentary on each Gospel, but it reveals the reason for the form of each Gospel. Each evangelist was commissioned by the Holy Spirit to give us a distinct view of Jesus Christ. The four views correspond directly to the symbols of the Cherubim in Rev. 4:7 and Ezek. 1:10. Matthew shows Jesus as King (Lion), Mark as Servant (Ox), Luke as Son of Man (Man), and John as Son of God (Eagle). (Note: An edited and copyrighted version of this book was published under the title "Four Views of Christ." This is the original, public domain work.)

The Names of God
This book discusses the most common names found in the Old Testament: Elohim (God), Jehovah (Lord), El Shaddai (God Almighty), El Elyon (God Most High), Adonai (Lord), El Olam (God of the Ages), and Jehovah Sabaoth (Lord of Hosts). We learn how each name brings out a new dimension of God's character, and how our Lord "declared" these many names. This book indirectly answers the textual critics who see the Bible as nothing more than a compilation of disconnected and conflicting sources. It shows how the names of God change throughout Scripture precisely to bring out different aspects of God's character.

The Law of the Offerings
If you have ever been even a little bit baffled by the book of Leviticus, this book is a good place to start. It studies the five basic ritual offerings and how they all point in minute detail to the Person and Work of Jesus Christ. The typology of the burnt offering, meat (or grain) offering, peace offering, sin offering, and trespass offering are discussed in detail.

The Restitution of All Things
Written in response to a friend who had expressed his troubles with the doctrine of Eternal Punishment, this book is one of the best known arguments for Universal Salvation, the belief that God will save all of mankind. It starts with a fascinating discussion about the nature of Scripture and how all of God's revelations are seemingly contradictory. After discussing the main passages in support of both Universal Salvation and Eternal Punishment, he proposes the solution to the seeming contradiction: God saves all through His first-born or first-fruit people, He saves all through successive ages, and He saves all by and through death.

Letters of Andrew Jukes
A collection of excerpts from the letters of Andrew Jukes, editied by his friend Herbert H. Jeaffreson and published in 1903. It gives Mr. Jukes' views on a wide range of topics. Also includes a photograph and short biography written by Mr. Jeaffreson.

The Mystery of the Kingdom
A study of the typology of the Books of Kings.

The New Man and the Eternal Life
An in depth study of the "Verily Verily" sayings of our Lord in the gospel of John. These sayings all relate to the life of the new man or new creation. The home, birth, law, meat (food), liberty, divine nature, service, sacrifice, humiliation, glory and power, sorrow and joy, and perfecting of this new man are all covered.

"Catholic Eschatology" Examined
"A Reply to the Rev. H. N. Oxenham's Recent Papers in the Contemporary Review." In this article Jukes defends his belief in universal restitution and replies to a Roman Catholic writer who had assailed his belief in the doctrine.

The Way Which Some Call Heresy
In this open letter Mr. Jukes explains his reasons for not being able to subscribe to the Book of Common Prayer, which was required by all clergymen in the Church of England. The Book of Common Prayer required clergymen to declare that all baptized infants were "then and there regenerate." This was one of several things that he could not give his "unfeigned assent and consent" to.

The Church of Christ
A short work on the foundation and nature of the Church based on our Lord's words in Matthew chapter 16.

The Drying up of the Euphrates, and the Kings of the East
A letter discussing the meaning of the prophecies in Revelation about the destruction of Mystery Babylon and especially the prophecy of the drying up of the Euphrates preparing the way for the kings of the east. Refutes the commonly held notion of his day that the Euphrates represents the Turkish empire.

Try the Spirits
A critical examination of a tract called "Orthodoxy Examined, No. 1, The Trinity." In this short work Jukes refutes the tract writer's Sabellianism (the nontrinitarian belief that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are not separate persons but separate aspects of the same one God).

A Letter to a Friend on Baptism
This letter is an excellent teaching on baptism and what it means to be "buried with Christ through baptism." It shows that baptism is the outward profession of an inward reality.

To the Gatherings of Brethren at Leeds and Otley
A series of letters discussing the terms of fellowship in the Church. It involves a controversy among the Plymouth Brethren in which several congregations were upset at heretical teachings by Benjamin W. Newton. When the Bethesda congregation at Bristol allowed several of Newton's followers into communion there, the Leeds and Otley congregations issued a circular letter demanding that all fellowship with anyone coming from Bethesda immediately be cut off. Andrew Jukes was not officially a part of the Plymouth Brethren (he was the leader of an independent congregation in Hull), but he welcomed all godly brethren. He argues here that the spirit that would exclude brethren because a false doctrine was allowed in their particular congregation was a wolf that was scattering the sheep of God.

The Two Ways
Or "Brick for Stone and Slime for Mortar Contrasted with the Tent and Altar in the Promised Land." Contrasts Genesis chapters 11 and 12, showing how Babylon is full of imitations or copies of the truths of God which are displayed in Abraham's walk of faith.

Thoughts on the Ruin of the Church
Two letters discussing whether or not a remnant in the midst of apostasy should seek the original standing of the Church as a visible body and whether the original principles of Church government should apply to such a remnant gathering as a visible body.

"Mercy and Not Sacrifice"
This is a letter to brethren in the Lord urging them not to be separatists as the Pharisees of old were. Its alternative title is "Christ's Way our Pattern."

Pharisaism and Self-Sacrifice
Shows that Christ-like self-sacrifice is the key to avoiding schism and separation among Christians.

The Order and Connexion of the Church's Teaching
This was Andrew Jukes' last book. It contains a commentary on each day of the church calendar and on the passages of Scripture read for those days. In the preface he says, "The Writer has felt, that, as the Old Tabernacle Service had in every part marks of a Divine purpose and origin, ... so the very order of the Epistles and Gospels, as the Church now reads and for centuries has read them, is not only a witness that something higher than chance or man's wisdom has shaped or created it, but a guide also as to the way in which truth should be communicated."

All of the above works are in the public domain.

Many thanks to Matt S. who sent me photocopies of most of these books.